Hysterosalpingography, or HSG, is an X-ray test to outline the internal shape of the uterus and show whether the fallopian tubes are blocked. It is used to examine the cavity of the uterus and Fallopian tubes by injecting a dye through a tube inserted through the vaginal into the uterus.
An HSG should be done after your period but before ovulation. This reduces the risk of having the test when you're pregnant.
Septal Resection, Polypectomy, Metroplasty, Adhesiolysis. Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix to diagnose and treat the causes of abnormal bleeding. It is done with the help of a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
A hysteroscopy can be used to: investigate symptoms or problems – such as heavy periods, unusual vaginal bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, pelvic pain, repeated miscarriages or difficulty getting pregnant. diagnose conditions – such as fibroids and polyps (non-cancerous growths in the womb).
Laparoscopy, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is a way of doing the surgery using small incisions (cuts). It is different from the “open” operation where the incision on the skin can be several inches long.
Laparoscopy is done in cases where there is a need to the diagnosis conditions or performs surgery in the abdominal and pelvic area like to remove the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries, to diagnose or treat endometriosis, to assist female infertility, take a biopsy for testing, etc.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. It provides the sperm with an advantage by giving it a head start but still requires a sperm to reach and fertilize the egg on its own.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass"). It is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy.
This process of fertilisation is recommended for those women or couples who are struggling with conceiving a baby even after having frequent intercourse for 12 or more months.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a test-tube fertilization procedure in which a sperm is injected directly into an egg to achieve fertilization. ICSI is done for male infertility.
By injecting a single sperm directly into an egg, ICSI helps sperm overcome many of the natural barriers they would encounter when fertilizing an egg.
Embryo donation is a form of third party reproduction. When couples undergo in-vitro fertilization (IVF) to conceive a child, often they have embryos that are not used. These patients have the option to have their embryos discarded, donated to research or donated to another woman to achieve pregnancy.
This way, through embryo donation, these individuals donate their remaining, unused embryos to a recipient, thus helping another family grow while supporting the life of the embryo.
Embryo donation is an excellent option for single women, and for the couples who need both sperm and an egg.
Semen cryopreservation, commonly called sperm banking or sperm freezing, is a procedure to preserve sperm cells. It is the most successful method of preserving a man’s fertility so he can try and have a child(ren) at a later date or donate it.
Donated sperm usually has to be quarantined for three or six months and screened for infections before a recipient can use it.
Embryo freezing is a procedure that allows people to store embryos for later use or donation. A person can also freeze eggs, which are not fertilized. An embryo forms after fertilization and after the cells start to divide.
The standard storage period for embryos usually is ten years.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy uses injections of a concentration of a patient's platelets to accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints. Plasma is a component of your blood that contains unique “factors,” or proteins that help your blood to clot.
In this way, PRP injections use each patient's healing system to improve musculoskeletal problems.