Dr Babita Panda is a renowned infertility specialist and gynaecologist. She is the Chief Infertility & IVF Consultant of Future Fertility IVF, Bhubaneswar.
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What is Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)?

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is used to treat infertility. It involves medical procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Cryopreservation of gametes or embryos, and/or the use of fertility medication.

What is Infertility?

It is a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility is when you have trouble getting pregnant or staying pregnant. This problem can happen in women and men and can have many causes such as poor egg quality, inadequate levels of certain hormones, low sperm count, ovulation disorders etc.

What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?

It's a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) where sperm and egg are fertilised outside the human body. The embryo is transferred to the female uterine cavity under Ultra Sound guidance.

What are the steps involved in the IVF process?

After an initial consultation (diagnosis & testing), your doctor will decide the best plan to follow for the treatment. There are few steps involved in the IVF process such as (1) Ovarian stimulation hormonal therapy, (2) Egg pickup (ovum pickup) & semen collection, (3) Fertilisation & embryo development, (4) Embryo transfer, and (5) Pregnancy test.

What is the cost of IVF treatment?

It varies from patient to patient. You can know the actual cost of the treatment only after consulting the doctor.

What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?

It's a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) where processed sperm is inseminated into the female uterine cavity around the time of ovulation.

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