IVF stands for in vitro fertilisation that helps with fertilisation, embryo development, and implantation so that you can get pregnant. IVF is the most widely known ART or assisted reproductive technology. It works by using a combination of medicines and surgeries to help sperm fertilise an egg, and support the fertilised egg implants in your uterus.
IVF has various steps, and it takes a few months to complete the entire process. It sometimes serves on the first try, but many people demand more than one round of IVF process to get pregnant.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an IVF procedure in which a single sperm cell is injected directly into the cytoplasm of an egg. The main difference between IVF and ICSI is how the sperm fertilises the egg. While in IVF, the egg and sperm are left in a petri dish to fecundate on their own, in ICSI, one sperm is directly injected into the egg.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) includes placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilisation. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilisation. It provides the sperm with an advantage by giving it a head start but still requires a sperm to reach and fertilise the egg on its own.
Laparoscopy is a type of keyhole surgery used to study on the organs inside the abdominal (belly) and pelvic area. It has benefits over traditional surgery, including more speedy recovery without staying in the hospital overnight, and effective in reducing pain and much smaller scars. A surgeon or a gynaecologist perform laparoscopy under general anaesthesia. The surgery can be used for: assessing painful or heavy periods, abdominal or pelvic pains removing the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries, diagnosing endometriosis, ovarian cysts and tumours, assessing with female infertility, removing gallbladder or parts of the intestine.
Semen Freezing is a method of preserving semen or sperm so that it is used in future for having a child(ren). The method is also used to store sperm so that it can be used in other’s treatment. The standard storage period for sperm is usually 10 years, but in certain circumstances, it can be up to 55 years. Treatment with frozen sperm is just as successful as treatment using fresh sperm.
It is a surgical procedure which uses optical instruments that are specially designed to diagnose the most frequent female disorders and pathologies such as some infertility problems, small vaginal haemorrhages or endometrial polyps, among others.
Gynaecological endoscopy includes hysteroscopy and laparoscopy for these purposes.
An endometrial receptivity array is a device created to pinpoint a patient’s individualised WOI or Window of Implantation by profiling the patterned genetic composition of proteins in the endometrium. The objective of this study was to demonstrate clinical outcomes of embryo transfer after ERA test and to differentiate patients who had a receptive ERA to those who had a non-receptive ERA, thus, underwent a subsequent personalised ET (pET). The possibilities of Embryo implantation are higher when it is done around 19-21 days of the menstrual period.
Infertility is the inability of being sexually active or becoming pregnant with a live birth within a year or more, after having regular non-contraceptive intercourses. Surgical, antibiotical, hormonal and other associated treatments for determining the cause of infertility.